Skip to main content
Menu
510-769-2020
Conveniently located in the Park Street Business District
contact Order Contacts Online
BB-Hero-optical-shop-glasses-1280x853
Home » Eye Care Services » Your Eye Health » Eye Diseases » Diabetes and Eyesight » Causes of Diabetic Retinopathy

Causes of Diabetic Retinopathy

What are the causes of diabetic retinopathy and long-term diabetes? Changes in blood-sugar levels is the main culprit. People suffering from diabetes generally develop diabetic retinopathy after at least ten years of having the disease. Once you are diagnosed with diabetes, it is essential to have an eye exam once a year or more.

In the early stage of diabetic retinopathy, called background or non-proliferative retinopathy, high blood sugar in the retina damages blood vessels, which bleed or leak fluid. This leaking or bleeding causes swelling in the retina, which forms deposits.

In the later stage of diabetic retinopathy, called proliferative retinopathy, new blood vessels begin to grow on the retinal. These new blood vessels may break, causing bleeding into the vitreous, which is the clear gelatinous matter that fills the inside of the eye. This breakage can cause serious vision difficulties. This form of diabetic retinopathy can cause blindness, and is therefore the more serious form of the disease.

It is not hard to greatly reduce your risk of diabetic retinopathy by following some simple steps and being aware of your overall health. The most important factor you can control is maintaining your blood sugar at a healthy level. Eating a healthy diet will help greatly in controlling blood sugar levels. A regular exercise regimen is also a great help. Finally, make sure to listen to your doctor’s instructions.

x

We are excited to be open again with limited hours. Our new hours are Tuesdays-Fridays from 9:30 am until 3:30 pm and Saturdays from 9 am until 2 pm. Appointments are 60 minutes long and start on the hour weekdays and on the half-hour on Saturday. Safety is our paramount concern in these uncertain times. Therefore, we ask that you wear a mask, fill out a COVID-19 questionnaire, and allow us to check your temperature before your appointment. If a mask is unavailable or if you forget, a mask will be provided at no charge. Doctor and staff temperatures are taken daily before work thus ensuring your safety. Surfaces are wiped down between patients and at the beginning and end of each day. We have a sanitation protocol that also keeps the frames clean and ready to try on. If you need to reach us the fastest way is to text at 510-769-2020. See you soon and be safe!